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Tag Archives: Epilepsy
Unlike electrical stimulation, optogenetics allows neuronal manipulation with great cell-type specificity, with light directly affecting only those cells expressing opsins. In a recent report in Nature Communications, Krook-Magnuson et al harnessed this specificity to stop seizures in vivo in a mouse model of temporal lobe epilepsy. Mice were implanted with electrodes to record brain activity and 200µm thick optical fibers to deliver light to the brain. A closed-loop, on-demand responsive system detected seizures in real time, allowing temporal specificity, in addition to the cell-type specificity achieved through selective opsin expression. Specifically, the authors either selectively inhibited excitatory principal cells or, alternatively, excited a subpopulation of GABAergic inhibitory neurons in the hippocampus by delivering light at the time of a seizure. Both approaches proved successful, despite the less than 5% of illuminated neurons expressing opsins in the latter approach. Light arrested ongoing electrical seizure activity and reduced the incidence of events progressing to overt behavioral seizures.
Epilepsy, a condition of recurrent, spontaneous seizures, is a prevalent disorder, with 1 out of 26 people developing epilepsy during their lifetime. Unfortunately, for over 40% of patients, seizures cannot be controlled with current treatment options. Temporal lobe epilepsy, the most common form of epilepsy … Continue reading